Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.


In General

Creating and checking citations will be much easier if you recognize the pattern.  It helps to think of your resources like a Russian nesting doll.  Each "container" is in its own font and in its own order.

What Goes...

"In Quotes"

Small containers (if what you read or watched is part of a larger item) it goes in quotes. You may not have a small chunk because you read/watched the whole thing. If so, start with the Big chunk.

  • Article Tiles
  • Webpage Name
  • Chapter Titles
  • Scene Title

In Italics

Big containers (where the small containers live) get italicized.

  • Book Title
  • Journal Title
  • Magazine Title
  • Newspaper Title
  • Video Title
  • Website Name
  • Artwork Title
  • And the biggest container of all (if there is one): Database name.

In Regular Font

  • Content Creators: Authors, Publishers, Production Companies, uploaders on YouTube
  • dates
  • urls
  • and everything else

Example of an Article in a Database:

Author Last Name, First Name. “I Read this Small Chunk Article.” In this Big Chunk Journal, vol. #, no. #, Date. From this Biggest Chunk Database, URL or doi.

Example of a Print Book:

Author Last Name, First Name. I Read this Whole Big Chunk Book. From This Publisher, Published in this Year.